School Based Support

What is Sen Support?

SEN support is school based provision, which can be implemented by the school professionals, when a child presents with SEN. The support is made up of four elements:

  • ASSESS – Child’s needs are assessed by the school, this may involve professional external advice. Parents/carers must be advised that their child is being assessed and should be given the opportunity to participate and contribute their thoughts and feelings.
  • PLAN – A person centred plan of support is formulated, by the school utilising the information gathered through the assessment period.
  • DO – The strategies within the plan should be discussed with parent/carers and child/young person, and then implemented, for an agreed period of time.
  • REVIEW – After the agreed period of strategy intervention, the progress of the child/young person should be measured against the intervention. At this point adaptations can be made if needed.
  • If reasonable progress is not being made the school, Parent/Carer can apply to the local authority for an Education, Health and Care Plan (EHCP) assessment.

Education, Health and Care Plans (EHCP)


An EHCP is a legal document introduced in 2014 to replace the use of statements of need, previously utilised to provide additional support for children and young people with complex special educational needs and disabilities (SEND).

What is an EHCP Assessment?

An EHCP assessment is an assessment of a child’s education, health and social needs. Legally, this process of assessment must not take longer than 6 weeks. The assessment will involve the local authority consulting with the child’s school , education psychology service, NHS services and social services to gain a picture of the child or YP’s needs, what has already been implemented to support those needs and what that child or young person may need to make progress.

What is the Criteria for an EHCP Assessment and can Parents/Carers Make a Request?

The legal requirement, in line with The Children’s and Families Act 2014, for an EHCP assessment is that:

‘The child or young person may have a special educational need that requires additional support’.

This means that the child or young person does NOT have to have a diagnosed condition to receive an assessment.

Yes. Parent/Carers YP can make an independent EHCP assessment request. However, if a parent/carer or young person is making a request for assessment it is advisable that as many supporting documents, as possible,are submitted e.g. EP reports, G.P letters, school reports. 

What are the Criteria for an EHCP?

The Education, Health and Care Assessment (EHC Assessment) of your child will reveal what education, health and social care provision he or she requires. 

local authority (LA) will only issue an Education, Health & Care Plan (EHC Plan/EHCP) if it is necessary. 

Whether it is necessary or not will generally be determined by what Special Educational Provision your child’s school is able to put in place. If the school does not have sufficient resources to provide some or all of the support that has been identified for your child then an Education, Health & Care Plan (EHC Plan/EHCP) should be issued by the Local Authority

For an EHC Plan to be issued it is necessary for special educational provision to have been identified for your child through the EHC Needs Assessment. An EHCP will not be issued if only health and/or social care provision has been identified. 

What Does an EHCP Look Like?

In law there is no prescribed layout for the EHCP, so from borough to borough it may take on a different form. However, EHCP MUST be made up of the parts listed below:

  • A – All about me
  • B – SEND needs
  • C – Health needs
  • D – Social care needs
  • E – Outcomes
  • F – SEND provision
  • G – Health provision
  • H1 – Social care provision
  • H2 – Social care provision
  • I – School placement
  • J – Personal Budget
  • K – List of advice

How Long Does it Take to Get an EHCP?

If an EHCP is agreed, then there MUST be a maximum of 20 weeks between the request date and issue of a final EHCP.

What Happens if I do not Agree with the Contents of the EHCP?

When the EHCP is in draft form, by law you, MUST, be presented with 15 days to make representations on the plan. This means that your participation is needed as a valued voice in the preparation of the EHCP. Within these 15 days you can also request a meeting with the local authority to discuss your concerns.

Can the Contents of the EHCP be Changed After it has Been Finalised?

The law states that once an EHCP has been finalised, the contents must be subject to an Annual Review (AR) process. Parents/carers and the local authority MUST be invited to the AR meeting, to discuss the contents of the plan and whether to:

  • Maintain the plan
  • Make amendments to the plan or
  • Cease to maintain.

Free Consultationk

TESS SEN appreciates the difficulties in obtaining transparent advice and support, that can be applied to your individual case and understand that financial implications can impact the capacity to obtain fee paying services. Therefore, TESS SEN will provide a free 30min consultation to give guidance on your specific issue. If you wish to take advantage of this offer please take the following steps:

  1. Go to contact page book a free telephone consultation.
  2. Fill out the online booking form with the relevant personal details.
  3. TESS SEN will contact you to book a date and time for your consultation.
  4. You are also welcome to call TESS SEN directly or send an email.

TESS SEN also has a Facebook page which is used to update the latest news in SEND provision, law and statue.